Deep cleaning of teeth, also known as scaling and root planing, is necessary for individuals who have developed gum disease. Gum disease is caused by the buildup of plaque and tartar on teeth and gums, which can cause inflammation and infection. If left untreated, gum disease can progress and cause serious damage to the teeth and gums.
Here are some reasons why a person may need deep cleaning:
- Gum disease: Individuals with gum disease will need deep cleaning to remove plaque and tartar buildup and to promote healing of the gums.
- Neglected dental hygiene: If a person has not had a professional dental cleaning in a long time, they may have significant plaque and tartar buildup that requires deep cleaning.
- Excessive smoking: Smoking can lead to the accumulation of plaque and tartar on teeth and gums, which can lead to gum disease.
- Chronic illnesses: Individuals with chronic illnesses such as diabetes, heart disease, and HIV are more prone to developing gum disease.
- Pregnancy: Pregnancy can cause hormonal changes that make gums more sensitive and prone to infection.
It's important to note that deep cleaning is not a substitute for regular dental hygiene habits such as brushing and flossing. These habits should be maintained to prevent the buildup of plaque and tartar and to promote overall oral health.
Deep cleaning of teeth, also known as scaling and root planing, is a dental procedure that involves a thorough cleaning of the teeth, gums, and roots. It is typically recommended for patients who have gum disease or have not had a professional cleaning in a long time.
During the procedure, the dentist or dental hygienist will use special tools to remove plaque and tartar buildup from the teeth and gum line. They may also use ultrasonic devices to break up stubborn deposits and flush them away with water. The root surfaces will be smoothed and shaped to remove any rough areas where bacteria can collect, which helps prevent further damage to the teeth and gums.
Deep cleaning may be done in one or more appointments, depending on the severity of the gum disease and the amount of cleaning needed. It may also be done under local anesthesia to minimize discomfort. After the procedure, patients may experience some sensitivity and discomfort, but this usually goes away within a few days.
Deep cleaning of teeth is an important part of maintaining good oral health and preventing gum disease. It is recommended that patients have a professional cleaning every six months to keep their teeth and gums healthy.